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Schemes and Activities

E. Intervention for Out-of-School Children

As the Right to Free and Compulsory Education act 2009 has come to effect from 1st April 2010 and our State Government notified the State Rules on 8th November 2011, every child in the age group of 6 to 14 years has his / her right to get free and compulsory admission and quality elementary education. The state has taken several initiatives to enroll and induct all out of school children in the neighbouring school.

To achieve the goal of enrolling all children in school, the state SSA has undertaken a special survey to identify out of school children involving project functionaries with the help of teachers and anganwadis besides EER updation. The target of out of school children for the current year is 63,178. Presently it has been reduced to 53832 out of school children as the target for the year 2012-2013 as per updated EER 2011 and special survey undertaken during April 2011.

Special Training Interventions:

Direct Admission :

To achieve the goal of enrolling all children in school under the age group of 6 to 14, the state SSA has adopted different strategies like conduct of enrolment drive, awareness campaign during the month of June every year. Out of school children numbering 1525 children in the age group ( 6 – 8 years) and recent dropouts in VI – VIII are directly enrolled in the neighbouring school. The parents of out of school children, VEC / SMC is motivated in this regard to ensure that children in the younger age group is enrolled in regular school. They should be under the care of particular school teacher who provide special training after school hours. The Headmaster of the school has to monitor and keeps the record and progress of the child who enrolled directly.

Non-Residential Special Training Centres (NRSTCs)

In the context of RTE Act, the Out-of-School Children are first enrolled in the formal school and then they are provided with Special Training through NRSTCs (Long Term / Short term basis).  These centres are functioning in formal school campus itself. The HM of the school concerned is in-charge of the NRSTCs. Non Residential Special Training Centres (Short Term) are organized to cover children who are dropped out at Upper Primary level, fresh dropouts and migrant children for a period 6 months. Out of the target of 9055 children, 6399 children are covered through 459 centres. Non Residential Special Training Centres (Long Term) for drop out / Never Enrolled is conducted for a period of 10 to 12 months. 23189 children are covered through 1354 special training centres.

 The Education Volunteers with +2 or DTEd qualification is nominated by VEC / SMC. The special training centres is periodically monitored by the SSA project functionaries.  Special efforts have been taken in enrolling child labourers, street children, urban deprived children, children in juvenile homes and tribal children by the District administration.

Residential Special Training Centres (RSTCs) 

Residential Special Training Centres are organized to cover Children in sparsely populated habitations, never enrolled and drop-out, street children, migrant children, nomadic children (narikuravas), child labourers and children from tribal areas. 306 Residential Special Training centres are functioning to cover 14091 children in the year 2011-2012. 214 NGOs / SHGs are involved in conduct of RSTCs/Special RSTCs for mentally Retarded

Seasonal hostel (RSTCs) – Thiruvallur, Villupuram) is provided for the benefit of outbound migrant children. For the benefit of the Mentally Retarded children, Special Residential training centres are being conducted in the state and they are provided education through Special Educators. Through 7 Special RSTCs for MR children, 408 children have been covered in Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Dindugal, Perambalur, Ramnad,  Salem and Erode Districts.

Convergence with other departments

            Convergence between SSA and other Government Departments (Child Labour, Department of Social Defence, Rural development agency, Social Welfare Department, Municipal Corporation, Adi-dravidar and tribal welfare, Public Health and Prevention medicine Department)  have been ensured. Coordination meeting of different Government departments for convergence of out of school children activities was conducted on 22nd November 2011. Issues related to intervention of out of school children were discussed. National Child Labour Project (NCLP) is one of the major child labour projects taken up in 16 districts across the state. They rescue child labourers and enroll them in NCLP centres. KGBV is yet another major project in SSA mission to cover out-of-school girl children in the age group of 11-14 years. Children in Juvenile homes under social welfare department are also covered.

 During 2011-2012, out of the target of 63178 Out-of-School-children, 55758 out of school children are covered through various interventions in the age group of 6 to14 years. The total number of out-of-school children  in Krishnagiri district tops the list with 5645 children followed by Coimbatore (4077) and Dindigul (3569). Theni and Nilgiris districts have less than  600  children as target. 10146 children are covered through KGBV/NCLP Projects. Of the target of 63178 out-of-school children 53758 children have been covered under various interventions.The remaining children are included for coverage during 2012-2013

Mainstreaming/Induction

            Mainstreaming / inducting children of special training centres in schools is the most important part of an interventions. The net outcome of enrolment of out of school children in special training depends upon the mainstreaming the students of special training in regular schools. Most of the Special training centres are in the premises of regular school and it is easy for the purpose of mainstreaming / inducting and providing academic support. The regular school can act as a lead school and children from Special training centres will eventually be mainstreamed to these regular schools. The mainstreaming strategies make them complete Std VIII and provide shelter to orphans. The BRC personnel evaluate the achievement level of the child and decide the date of induction to the formal school.

Child Tracking & Monitoring

Special Intervention is provided for low achievers among the children who have already inducted / mainstreamed after special training. Once these children are admitted to the regular school after special training, need special attention so that the child can integrate with the class socially, economically and academically. The RTE act also provides free and compulsory elementary education even after they cross 14 years of age. BRTEs / CRTEs assess the performance of each child and help them ensure their attendance and better performance in the school. The records of mainstreamed children indicate the position of the children like continuing / drop out / migrated / completed etc. Tracking of each child is continued till he/she completes standard VIII.

 

Enrolment of out-of –school children-2011-12

S  No

Districts

Target

Direct Enrolment

NRSTCs - Long term

NRSTCs - Short term

RSTCs (fresh)

RSTCs (Continuing)

Special RSTCs for MR(Fresh)

Special RSTCs for MR (Continuing)

KGBV

NCLP

Total children Covered            2011-12

Children Uncovered  2011-12

% tage

1

Chennai

3164

70

1759

254

0

0

0

0

0

486

2569

595

81.19

2

Coimbatore

4077

128

1642

712

300

519

0

50

0

582

3933

144

96.47

3

Cuddalore

1148

6

453

171

130

203

20

50

115

0

1148

0

100.00

4

Dharmapuri

2051

7

493

219

341

306

0

0

105

543

2014

37

98.20

5

Dindigul

3569

122

743

255

300

613

0

74

0

527

2634

935

73.80

6

Erode

1330

75

445

114

80

187

15

34

100

251

1301

29

97.82

7

Kancheepuram

2532

123

760

385

135

301

0

0

0

395

2099

433

82.90

8

Kanyakumari

632

10

369

140

38

57

0

0

0

0

614

18

97.15

9

Karur

599

8

324

85

52

48

0

0

63

0

580

19

96.83

10

Krishnagiri

5645

139

1279

80

475

1431

0

0

165

818

4387

1258

77.71

11

Madurai

2466

94

970

250

150

430

0

0

0

0

1894

572

76.80

12

Nagapattinam

1151

12

427

134

114

237

0

0

0

0

924

227

80.28

13

Namakkal

3046

0

1237

415

96

366

0

0

109

522

2745

301

90.12

14

Perambalur

1349

11

395

270

125

143

5

55

100

0

1104

245

81.84

15

Pudukkottai

699

9

312

145

103

106

0

0

0

0

675

24

96.57

16

Ramnad

1598

42

758

98

140

105

10

50

0

0

1203

395

75.28

17

Salem

3262

85

1142

373

190

599

10

35

202

570

3206

56

98.28

18

Sivagangai

1112

32

501

25

58

203

0

0

57

0

876

236

78.78

19

Thanjavur

2615

44

1772

313

182

264

0

0

0

0

2575

40

98.47

20

Theni

611

42

225

88

150

59

0

0

0

0

564

47

92.31

21

The Nilgiris

532

22

185

68

100

118

0

0

0

0

493

39

92.67

22

Trichy

2223

25

856

119

100

301

0

0

0

556

1957

266

88.03

23

Thirunelveli

2029

25

739

187

77

299

0

0

0

495

1822

207

89.80

24

Thiruvallur

1957

94

641

580

60

196

0

0

0

386

1957

0

100.00

25

Thiruvanamalai

2302

93

918

164

172

317

0

0

151

483

2298

4

99.83

26

Thiruvarur

1408

45

838

237

102

102

0

0

0

0

1324

84

94.03

27

Thoothukudi

1347

20

360

92

100

173

0

0

0

580

1325

22

98.37

28

Vellore

2745

25

683

159

403

427

0

0

0

787

2484

261

90.49

29

Villupuram

3401

95

1238

132

406

774

0

0

299

0

2944

457

86.56

30

Virudhunagar

2578

22

725

135

100

428

0

0

124

575

2109

469

81.81

 

Total

63178

1525

23189

6399

4779

9312

60

348

1590

8556

55758

7420

88.26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Monthly Review Reports


 

Special training Interventions for Out-of-school children -2012-13

To fulfill the objective of bringing all children to school, specific interventions have been provided for enrolment of out-of-school children under special training Component

 

As envisaged in the RTE norms, the total number of out-of-school children to be covered through various strategies during 2012-2013 is 53,832

 District-wise No of out of school children to be covered under different strategies for 2012-2013

S. No

District

No. of Out of School
Children as per EER updation

 

No. of Children in spl. training.

Others

Continuing

Direct enrolment

NRSTC

(short term)

NRSTC

(Long term)

RSTC

Spl. RSTC

for  MR Children

KGBV

NCLP

RSTC

Spl. RSTC

for  MR Children

1

Chennai

3107

70

532

1940

100

0

 

465

0

0

2

Coimbatore

3861

120

634

1551

641

0

 

575

290

50

3

Cuddalore

955

15

128

405

193

0

31

 

113

70

4

Dharmapuri

1771

7

123

365

286

0

130

550

310

0

5

Dindigul

2798

107

310

960

512

0

 

550

300

59

6

Erode

1577

75

60

429

189

0

278

450

61

35

7

Kancheepuram

2374

78

563

849

409

0

 

350

125

0

8

Kanyakumari

532

20

120

305

55

0

0

0

32

0

9

Karur

551

8

64

340

50

0

50

 

39

0

10

Krishnagiri

3897

320

320

550

1252

0

104

900

451

0

11

Madurai

2059

94

250

1199

275

0

 

 

241

0

12

Nagapattinam

1026

12

107

683

179

0

 

 

45

0

13

Namakkal

2335

25

311

978

250

0

39

550

182

0

14

Perambalur

1142

11

207

195

500

50

15

 

109

55

15

Pudukkottai

658

9

129

326

103

0

 

 

91

0

16

Ramanathapuram

1054

42

92

474

250

0

 

 

136

60

17

Salem

2539

65

350

750

250

0

308

600

181

35

18

Sivagangai

1039

32

60

500

344

0

45

 

58

0

19

Thanjavur

1926

44

247

1150

321

0

 

 

164

0

20

Theni

590

42

66

267

83

0

 

 

132

0

21

The Nilgiris

525

20

50

156

200

0

 

 

99

0

22

Thiruchirappalli

1992

15

250

775

347

0

 

520

85

0

23

Thirunelveli

1783

25

140

600

300

0

 

650

68

0

24

Thiruvallur

1667

84

480

568

233

0

 

250

52

0

25

Thiruvannamalai

1977

105

116

701

331

0

113

450

161

0

26

Thiruvarur

1237

45

185

737

200

0

 

 

70

0

27

Thoothukudi

1197

15

69

331

150

0

 

550

82

0

28

Vellore

2427

50

80

536

632

50

 

800

329

0

29

Villpuram

3125

84

425

1196

794

0

340

 

286

0

30

Virudhunagar

2111

80

150

678

470

0

51

600

82

0

 

Total

53832

1719

6618

20494

9849

100

1504

8810

4374

364

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source:   EER/DISE 2011

 In the context of RTE Act, the provision of special training to out-of-school children is planned through different strategies like Non-Residential Special Training Centres, Residential Special Training Centres  and Special Residential Training centres for mentally retarded children.

 It is proposed to cover drop out children and never enrolled children including street children, urban deprived children, migrant children, tribal children, children from disadvantaged groups, children from economically weaker sections and nomadic children.

At Upper Primary level those who are fresh drop outs and those who have dropped out recently  and migrant children around  6,618  will be covered through Non residential Special Training centre (Short term) conducted for a period of six months

Non Residential Bridge special training centres for drop out children and Never Enrolled children will be conducted for a period of 10-12 months to cover 20,494 Out-of-school children. Mostly these centres are run in the premises of formal school under the supervision of school Headmaster. Seasonal migrant children are also covered through NRSTCs.

            Special attention to cover children from disadvantaged group and children from economically weaker sections will be our focus.  The migrant children, Urban deprived children, Tribal children, Stnomadic children and Muslim Minority children are enrolled in RSTCs. The duration of each centre will be around 12 months. Our experience with Residential centres during 2012-2013 has been encouraging and we felt that the needs of the most difficult to reach children are best addressed through the residential mode. The number of children covered through RSTCs will be around 9,849. Besides 4,738 children will be continuing for the current year 2012-2013.

A total Number of 100 mentally retarded children will be covered through one Special Residential Training centres for mentally retarded. Besides 364 children in RSTCs for Mentally Retarded children will be continuing for the  year 2012-2013

The remaining 10,314 Out-of-School children will be covered through KGBV / NCLP programmes for which no cost is provided.

After specific period of coaching, the performance of out-of-school children will be evaluated and mainstreamed / inducted in the formal school.

Child tracking and monitoring of mainstreamed / inducted children is operationalized at the BRC level.

 Activities Planned: 

v           Children under age group of 6 – 8 years and fresh dropouts at upper primary level. 1719 children will be directly enrolled  

NRSTCs (Short term - 6 Months) 

v           The children who are fresh drop outs especially at Upper primary level and migrant children are the target group. They will be provided special training  through NRSTCs (ST) conducted for a period of six months. 

v           Budget allotted is Rs.3,000/- per child. Funds sanctioned directly to the VEC for supply of support materials and salary for Education Volunteer  

v           They are provided with study and stationary materials like Uniform, bag, Foot wear, note books, pencil, geometry box etc. as per breakup of expenditure is provided. 

v           These centres are to be conducted at the school premises itself. 

v           The Headmaster of the concerned school is in charge of the centre. The   BRC Personnel will monitor the functioning of the centre 

v           Educational Volunteers with +2 cum DTEd qualification will be working in 331 centres to cover 6618 children. Education Volunteers will be paid Rs.3000/- p.m. working in a centre having strength of 20 children. 

v           After 6 months period of coaching they will be mainstreamed / inducted  in the formal school. 

Special training intervention through Non Residential Special Training Centres (NRSTCs – Long Term – 12 months)   

v           The Out of School Children who are drop out children for a period of more than three months and the never enrolled children are enrolled in formal schools and provided special training through NRSTCs.  

v           The NRSTCs will be mostly run in regular school premises itself. The Headmaster of the school concerned is monitoring the conduct of these centres. 

v           Education Volunteers with +2 cum DTEd qualification will be nominated by the VEC for providing special training to t he Out of School Children enrolled in NRSTCs. Maximum allotment per child cost is Rs.6,000/- towards conduct of NRSTCs. 

v           Education Volunteers will be paid Rs.3000/- per month for a centre having 20 children. 

v           They will be trained for 20 days initially 5 days in ABL / ALM / Life Skill Training / Vocational Training and thereafter 3 days training every month in content enrichment. 

v           The children enrolled in these centres will be provided with study and stationery materials like uniform (2 sets), bag, foot wear, text books, notebooks, geometry box, pencil, eraser etc. 

v           ABL Cards will be provided for children enrolled in the age group of 6-10. Exercise books will also be provided.  

v           For children enrolled in the age group of 11-14, textbooks will be provided. Besides condensed TLM will be provided 

v           The functioning of these centres are to be  monitored through BRC/DPC personnel 

v           One CRTE will be in charge of each centre for monitoring and providing academic and administrative support. 

v           Performance of the children has to be assessed through continuous and comprehensive evaluation IEP is also advised. 

v           After 10 – 12 months coaching these children are to be mainstreamed / inducted in the formal school. This process of mainstreaming / inducting will be undertaken by the BRC personnel during February / March through BRC personnel after assessing the performance of the child  in the concerned special training centre. 

v           Target No 20494 will be enrolled in 1025 centres 

Special training through Residential Special Training centres (RSTCs) 

v           The out-of-school children who are never enrolled and drop outs are enrolled in the formal schools and provided special training through RSTCs. 

v           They will be  provided with financial allocation of Rs.20,000/- per annum per child 

v           In each centre two Education Volunteers having +2 with DTEd qualification will be nominated by the NGO / SHG. They will be paid Rs.5000/- per month for a centre having a strength of 50 children 

v           Funds will be  released by the DPC directly to the NGO on the basis of the recommendation of the BRC supervisor 

v           BRTE / CRTE who will be  in charge of the concerned RSTCs will monitor boarding and lodging facilities and the distribution support materials to the enrolled children (Uniform 2 sets, bag, mat, towel, bed sheet, soap, oil, plate, tumbler, study materials, note books, pencil, crayon, footwear, geometry box etc) and providing academic support 

v           Periodical monitoring of the functioning of the RSTCs is done by the concerned BRC personnel besides monitoring of the staff of District Project office 

v           Vocational training, Life Skill training, Yoga training and Exposure visit planned 

v           Periodical Medical checkup is mandatory. Health card shall be maintained. 

v           After coaching for a period 10 – 12 months, the achievement level of these children will be evaluated through the BRC personnel and mainstreamed / inducted in the formal school already enrolled. 

v           Target No.9849 will be enrolled in 197 centres 

v           Besides continuing the existing 108 RSTCs with 4374 children 

Special Training through RSTC for Mentally Retarded children 

v           To cover the Out of School Children with mild and moderate level of Mentally Retarded children.  

v           These special RSTCs are run by NGOs 

v           The Special teachers will be  nominated by the NGO 

v           Funds will be directly sanctioned to NGOs. The District Programme Coordinators / BRC personnel will monitor the activities of these centres. These centres well function for a minimum period of 1 year.  

v           The progress of the child studied through a counsellor nominated by the NGO to be assessed  

v           The budget allocation is Rs.20000 per child per annum 

v           Three time meal will be provided to the children in Special RSTCs. 

v          Target number of 100 Mentally retarded children  will be enrolled in 2 new Special RSTCs in Perambalur and vellore. Besides continuing the existing 7 centres conducting Special RSTCs for 364 MR Children. 

The concept of residential centres is very successful in bringing the out of school children to regular schools. Even though Tamil Nadu is nearing 100% achievement in enrolment of children, some migrated family children, urban deprived children and nomadic sections are unable to be brought into the mainstream in a single attempt. There is a need to continue many of the RSTCs for 2012-2013.

Besides the above mentioned interventions, the State plans to introduce the following new strategies: 

¨      Maintaining the record of Out of School children at the school level and updating for special training. 

¨      Computerised data for Out-of-School Children will be available at the district for  updation of entries every month. 

¨      Training to EVs with module and providing on-site academic support to EVs 

¨      Providing condensed reading material and exercise books to the children in special training centre 

¨      Special attention for Coverage of  migrant children  and children in Juvenile Homes 

¨      Innovative Self Learning Materials for Maths has already been practiced in Special training centres and found useful in ‘concept building’ to students. 

¨      Special coaching class for low achiever through school teachers / EVs 

¨      Classroom transactions are through ABL and ALM  

¨      All the Education Volunteers are provided effective training on the use of ABL cards in classroom process. 

¨      Educational Volunteers will be trained in ABL & ALM for handling Primary and Upper Primary classes.  

¨      For children in special training Continuous and Comprehensive evaluation shall be undertaken. 

¨      Vocational training / Exposure visit / Life skill training / Yoga training will be provided at the Special training centres 

¨      Fixing responsibility to CRTE and VEC / SMC members for monitoring all special training centres 

¨      Child tracking and monitoring of the mainstreamed children is operationalised at the BRC level. 

¨      Rescue and rehabilitation of child labour in convergence with Labour department 

¨      Interventions to migrant children and mapping of migration will be continued through inter-state monitoring committee. 

¨      Surprise visit by State Project Officials on the functioning all the special training centres planned 

¨      Monthly review meeting of District Special training coordinators will be conducted to assess the progress of target and achievement. 

List of NGOs/SHGs functioning - 2011 - 2012

S. No

District

Existing

New

Total No. of NGOs / SHGs

No of NGOs / SHG

No of NGOs / SHGs

1

Chennai

0

0

0

2

Coimbatore

13

3

16

3

Cuddalore

5

2

7

4

Dharmapuri 

4

3

7

5

Dindigul

5

11

16

6

Erode

2

1

3

7

Kancheepuram

4

0

4

8

Kanyakumari

2

2

4

9

Karur

1

2

3

10

Krishnagiri

23

6

29

11

Madurai

6

3

9

12

Nagapattinam

4

3

7

13

Namakkal

8

0

8

14

Perambalur

4

3

7

15

Pudukkottai

2

2

4

16

Ramnad

1

2

3

17

Salem

7

0

7

18

Sivagangai

4

0

4

19

Tanjore

2

4

6

20

The Nilgiris

2

1

3

21

Theni

1

3

4

22

Tiruchirappalli

6

0

6

23

Tirunelveli

6

0

6

24

Thiruvellore

2

0

2

25

T.V. malai

4

4

8

26

Thiruvarur

1

3

4

27

Tuticorin

3

2

5

28

Vellore

5

3

8

29

Villupuram

16

0

16

30

Virudhunagar

6

2

8

Total

149

65

214

Special Training Interventions 2012 – 2013 

Categories

Unit Cost per child

Rs.

Physical  

(No. of children)

Finance

(in  Lakhs)

Residential special training centre (Continuing)

20000

4374

874.8

Special Residential Centre for Mentally Retarded (Continuing)

20000

364

72.8

Non Residential Special Training Centre (Short Term) 

3000

6618

198.540

Non Residential Special Training Centre (Long Term)

6000

20494

1229.64

Residential special training centre

20000

9849

1969.80

Spl. Residential Centre for Mentally Retarded

20000

100

20.0

Coverage under KGBV

--

1504

0.0

Coverage under NCLP

--

8810

0.0

Coverage under Direct Enrolment

 

1719

0.0

Total

 

53832

4365.58

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Implementation schedule

Success Stories

Vocational skills in RSTC

Case Studies-at a glance

Report on RSTC, Semmencherry, Kancheepuram

Report on RSTC, Visoor

Special training photos

RSTC -Food menu

Medical check-up in RSTC

Exposure visit

Video on RSTC

Migrant children

 

   

   

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