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About "Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)"

The Genesis

The role of Universal Elementary Education (UEE) for strengthening the social fabric of democracy through provision of equal opportunities to all has been accepted since the inception of our Republic. The original Article 45 in the Directive Principles of State Policy in the Constitution mandated the State to endeavour to provide free and compulsory education to all children up to age fourteen in a period of ten years. The National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986/92, states: “In our national perception, education is essentially for all… Education has an acculturating role. It refines sensitivities and perceptions that contribute to national cohesion, a scientific temper and independence of mind and spirit - thus furthering the goals of socialism, secularism and democracy enshrined in our Constitution”


With the formulation of NPE, India initiated a wide range of programmes for achieving the goal of UEE. These efforts were intensified in the 1980s and 1990s through several schematic and programme interventions, such as Operation Black Board (OBB), Shiksha Karmi Project (SKP), Andhra Pradesh Primary Education Project (APPEP), Bihar Education Project (BEP), U.P Basic Education Project (UPBEP), Mahila Samakhya (MS), Lok Jumbish Project (LJP), and Teacher Education which put in place a decentralised system of teacher support through District Institutes of Education and Training, District Primary Education Programme (DPEP). Currently the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme in partnership with State Governments for universalising elementary education across the country.  

Objectives

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan aims to provide useful and relevant elementary education to all children in the age-group 6 to 14 by ensuring universal access and retention, bridging of gender and social category gaps in education and enhancement of learning levels of children by provision of quality education.

  • Ensuring cent percent enrolment.
    Ensuring cent percent retention of children enrolled in schools without getting dropped out.
    Providing quality elementary education in all schools.
  • Providing an inclusive environment in schools conducive to differently abled children, children from marginalised sections, and children hailing from difficult circumstances.
  • Providing infrastructure facilities to promote quality in education in all schools.

State Project Directorate – Staff Structure

S. No.

Name of the Post

No. of Posts

1.

State Project Director

1

2.

Joint Directors
(Deputation from School Education Department)

3

3.

Secretary to SPD (Deputy Director)
(Deputation from School Education Department)

1

4.

Finance Controller

1

5.

Financial Advisor and Chief Accounts Officer
(Dept. Secretary)

1

6.

Assistant Director (Internal Audit) & Inspector of local fund audit

2

7.

MIS Co-ordinator
(Deputation from Statistics Department)

1

8.

Co-ordinators

5

9.

Deputy Co-ordinators  (P.G. Assistants)

4

10.

Assistant Co-ordinators (B.T. Assistants)

17

Total

38

Ministerial Staff

 

1

Superintendent

4

2

Assistant

7

3

Typist

4

4

Steno-Typist

4

5

Driver

3

6

Office Assistant

8

Total

30

1

Consultant on consolidated pay

12

2

Staff on Consolidated service fees

22

3.

sweeper

4

Total

38

Grand Total

106

District Project Office – Staff Structure

S. No.

Name of the Post

No. of Posts

1.

Additional Chief Educational Officer (SSA)

1

2.

Assistant Project Officer

1

3.

District Co-ordinator

7

3.

Accountant / Finance and Accounts Officer

1

4.

Inspector of Local Fund Audit (One post for 2 districts)

1

5.

Statistical Officer

1

6.

Superintendent

1

7.

Assistant

2

8.

Assistant Executive Engineer

1

9.

Programmer

2

10.

Data Entry Operator

3

11.

Academic Consultant

2

12.

Civil Consultant

4

13.

Office Assistant

1

Total

28

Block Resource Centre (BRC)

Block Resource Centres have been established in 385 rural blocks and in 17 urban Municipal/Corporation areas. 

 Block Level Office – Staff Structure

S. No.

Name of the Post

No. of Posts

1.

Supervisor

1

2.

Block level Resource Persons

6

3.

MIS Co-ordinator

1

4.

Computer Operator

1

5.

Block Accountant (one for each 50 schools)

1

6.

Cluster level Resource Persons (Number of Clusters)

1

Total

11

Cluster Resource Centre (CRC)

Cluster Resource Centres has been established at the rate of one CRC per 8 to 10 schools.  4088 Resource Persons are working in CRC.

School Management Committee (SMC)

The School Management Committes functioning in 41,734 schools in all the Districts. SMCs function in Primary and Middle Schools and PTA functions in High and Higher Secondary Schools. The Panchayat President is the Chairperson in rural areas and Ward Members/Councilors hold the position in Municipal and Corporation limits. The Headmaster of the school is the member-secretary. SMCs are represented by a wide spectrum of the community, consisting of 20 members. The members include PTA president, Self Help Group members, Parents, Ward Member or Elected Representatives, ECCE/ICDS organizer, NGOs, Village Administrative Officer, Health Worker, Women ward member, SC ward member and parents of differently-abled children.

Budget and Expenditure

Tamil Nadu State Mission of Education for All is a registered society formed in Tamil Nadu for the purpose of implementation of centrally shared flagship schemes of
                                                                               1. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA),
                                                                               2. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV)

The above schemes are implemented by Government of India and Government of Tamil Nadu as per the sharing pattern agreed in every five year plan.

            Five year plan wise agreed sharing pattern formula are as follows:

S. No

Five year plan

Plan period

Sharing pattern
GOI : GOTN

1.

9th five year plan

2001 - 02

85:15

2.

10th five year plan

2002–03  to 2006-07

75:25

3.

11th five year plan

2007-08 & 2008-09
2009-10
2010-11 & 2011-12

65:35
60:40
65:35

4.

12th five year plan

2012-13

65:35

2013-14

65:35

2014-15

65:35

Year-wise Budget Outlay, Releases and Expenditure Details
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (Rs. in Lakh) 

S.No.

Year

Approved Outlay

GOI share

GOTN share

Amount Released

Opening Balance

Amount received from other sources

Total Amount Available

Expen
diture

% of Expenditure against Approved Outlay

% of Expenditure against Available funds

GOI

State

13th FC Award

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

1

2001-02

7771.413

6605.701

1165.712

3302.830

582.858

0.000

0.000

0.000

3885.688

0.000

0

0%

2

2002-03

18422.486

13816.865

4605.622

13526.900

4508.967

0.000

3270.729

180.382

21486.978

10183.899

55%

47%

3

2003-04

40183.770

30137.828

10045.943

10447.840

3482.613

0.000

11303.079

148.289

25381.821

23653.691

59%

93%

4

2004-05

44904.577

33678.433

11226.144

27161.390

10529.259

0.000

2263.090

213.184

40166.923

36992.921

82%

92%

5

2005-06

49641.119

37230.839

12410.280

35329.530

10301.033

0.000

3346.591

515.424

49492.578

47724.228

96%

96%

6

2006-07

72267.185

54200.389

18066.796

36840.950

17532.240

0.000

1750.942

783.654

56907.786

56379.298

77%

99%

7

2007-08

82312.638

53503.215

28809.423

53125.088

23861.878

0.000

470.551

692.382

78149.899

61493.600

75%

79%

8

2008-09

90264.202

58671.731

31592.471

45414.476

24960.715

0.000

17916.297

394.034

88685.522

84410.101

94%

95%

9

2009-10

86230.900

51738.540

34492.360

48366.000

31551.014

0.000

4564.945

633.826

85115.785

78157.511

91%

92%

10

2010-11

147941.355

88946.881

47894.474

69068.570

36748.479

11100.000

7052.630

1150.538

125120.217

119370.939

81%

95%

11

2011-12

189142.464

114752.602

61789.862

68141.960

35953.760

12600.000

5843.027

1071.249

123609.996

116702.354

62%

94%

12

2012-13

198718.722

120002.169

64616.553

71637.132

34998.223

14100.000

6907.645

1150.151

128793.151

110318.057

56%

86%

13

2013-14

220992.291

133374.989

71817.302

119628.309

69242.127

15800.000

18475.101

1660.138

224805.675

216477.129

98%

96%

14

2014-15 *

198987.495

118681.872

63905.623

113018.770

60856.280

0.000

8328.557

988.190

183191.797

178546.680

90%

97%

Teachers Salary Committed Liability

for the year 2011-12

22801.00

15343.343

38144.343

38144.343

100%

100%

Total

1447780.617

915342.052

462438.565

737810.745

380452.789

53600.000

91493.184

9581.441

1272938.159

1178554.751

79%

92%

 *  Expenditure upto 31.03.2015 is Unaudited Report.

 

Activity wise Approved Budget and Expenditure for the year 2014-2015
                                                                                                                                     (Rs. in Lakh)

S. No.

Category

 AWP&B

 Expenditure

 % of Exp.

1

 Residential Schools for specific category of children

100.500

76.340

76

2

 Special Training for mainstreaming of Out-of-School Children

2275.672

1976.842

87

3

 New Teachers Salary 

134333.470

116936.512

87

4

 Training

1773.975

1717.993

97

5

 Academic Support through Block Resource Centre/ URC

11375.181

10357.341

91

6

 Academic Support through Cluster Resource Centres

15792.979

15321.358

97

7

 Computer Aided Education in UPS under Innovation

978.286

902.985

92

8

 School Grant

3040.750

3013.850

99

9

 Research, Evaluation, Monitoring & Supervision

170.269

129.433

76

10

 Maintenance Grant

2717.200

2708.930

100

11

 Interventions for CWSN 

3166.025

3114.794

98

12

 SMC/PRI Training

665.100

622.329

94

13

 Civil Works Construction 

11498.393

11497.869

100

14

 Management

7768.738

7742.907

100

15

 STATE COMPONENT

858.480

656.767

77

16

 KGBV 

2492.025

1770.429

71

 

Total  Exp. for approved activities

199007.043

178546.679

90

17

Committed Liability for Teachers Salary 2011-12

38144.343

38144.343

100

 

Grand Total

237151.386

216691.022

91.37

 

   
 

 

 
Contents owned and updated by : State Project Directorate, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Chennai

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