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About "Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)"

The Genesis

The role of Universal Elementary Education (UEE) for strengthening the social fabric of democracy through provision of equal opportunities to all has been accepted since the inception of our Republic. The original Article 45 in the Directive Principles of State Policy in the Constitution mandated the State to endeavour to provide free and compulsory education to all children up to age fourteen in a period of ten years. The National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986/92, states: “In our national perception, education is essentially for all… Education has an acculturating role. It refines sensitivities and perceptions that contribute to national cohesion, a scientific temper and independence of mind and spirit - thus furthering the goals of socialism, secularism and democracy enshrined in our Constitution”


With the formulation of NPE, India initiated a wide range of programmes for achieving the goal of UEE. These efforts were intensified in the 1980s and 1990s through several schematic and programme interventions, such as Operation Black Board (OBB), Shiksha Karmi Project (SKP), Andhra Pradesh Primary Education Project (APPEP), Bihar Education Project (BEP), U.P Basic Education Project (UPBEP), Mahila Samakhya (MS), Lok Jumbish Project (LJP), and Teacher Education which put in place a decentralised system of teacher support through District Institutes of Education and Training, District Primary Education Programme (DPEP). Currently the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme in partnership with State Governments for universalising elementary education across the country.  

Objectives

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan aims to provide useful and relevant elementary education to all children in the age-group 6 to 14 by ensuring universal access and retention, bridging of gender and social category gaps in education and enhancement of learning levels of children by provision of quality education.

  • Ensuring cent percent enrolment.
    Ensuring cent percent retention of children enrolled in schools without getting dropped out.
    Providing quality elementary education in all schools.
  • Providing an inclusive environment in schools conducive to differently abled children, children from marginalised sections, and children hailing from difficult circumstances.
  • Providing infrastructure facilities to promote quality in education in all schools.

State Project Directorate – Staff Structure

S. No.

Name of the Post

No. of Posts

1.

State Project Director

1

2.

Joint Directors
(Deputation from School Education Department)

3

3.

Secretary to SPD (Deputy Director)
(Deputation from School Education Department)

1

4.

Finance Controller

1

5.

Financial Advisor and Chief Accounts Officer
(Dept. Secretary)

1

6.

Assistant Director (Internal Audit) & Inspector of local fund audit

2

7.

MIS Co-ordinator
(Deputation from Statistics Department)

1

8.

Higher Seconday Headmaster

4

9.

Deputy Co-ordinators  (P.G. Assistants)

3

10.
Assistant Co-ordinators (B.T. Assistants)
7

11.

BRTE

17

Total

41

Ministerial Staff

 

1

Superintendent

4

2

Assistant

7

3

Typist

3

4

Steno-Typist

3

5

Driver

3

6

Office Assistant

5

Total

25

1

Consultant on consolidated pay

12

2

Staff on Consolidated service fees

22

3.

Sweeper

4

Total

38

Grand Total

108

District Project Office – Staff Structure

S. No.

Name of the Post

No. of Posts

1.

Additional Chief Educational Officer (SSA)

1

2.

Assistant Project Officer

1

3.

District Co-ordinator

7

3.

Accountant / Finance and Accounts Officer

1

4.

Inspector of Local Fund Audit (One post for 2 districts)

1

5.

Statistical Officer

1

6.

Superintendent

1

7.

Assistant

2

8.

Assistant Executive Engineer

1

9.

Programmer

2

10.

Data Entry Operator

3

11.

Academic Consultant

2

12.

Civil Consultant

4

13.

Office Assistant

1

Total

28

Block Resource Centre (BRC)

Block Resource Centres have been established in 385 rural blocks and in 17 urban Municipal/Corporation areas. 

 Block Level Office – Staff Structure

S. No.

Name of the Post

No. of Posts

1.

Supervisor

1

2.

Block level Resource Persons

6

3.

MIS Co-ordinator

1

4.

Computer Operator

1

5.

Block Accountant (one for each 50 schools)

1

6.

Cluster level Resource Persons (Number of Clusters)

1

Total

11

Cluster Resource Centre (CRC)

Cluster Resource Centres has been established at the rate of one CRC per 8 to 10 schools.  4088 Resource Persons are working in CRC.

School Management Committee (SMC)

The School Management Committes functioning in 41,734 schools in all the Districts. SMCs function in Primary and Middle Schools and PTA functions in High and Higher Secondary Schools. The Panchayat President is the Chairperson in rural areas and Ward Members/Councilors hold the position in Municipal and Corporation limits. The Headmaster of the school is the member-secretary. SMCs are represented by a wide spectrum of the community, consisting of 20 members. The members include PTA president, Self Help Group members, Parents, Ward Member or Elected Representatives, ECCE/ICDS organizer, NGOs, Village Administrative Officer, Health Worker, Women ward member, SC ward member and parents of differently-abled children.

Budget and Expenditure

Tamil Nadu State Mission of Education for All is a registered society formed in Tamil Nadu for the purpose of implementation of centrally shared flagship schemes of
                                                                               1. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA),
                                                                               2. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV)

The above schemes are implemented by Government of India and Government of Tamil Nadu as per the sharing pattern agreed in every five year plan.

            Five year plan wise agreed sharing pattern formula are as follows:

S.No
Five Year Plan
Plan Period
Sharing Pattern
GOI
GOTN
1
9th Five Year Plan
2001-02
85
15
2
10th Five Year Plan
2002-03
75
25
3
2003-04
75
25
4
2004-05
75
25
5
2005-06
75
25
6
2006-07
75
25
7
11th Five Year Plan
2007-08
65
35
8
2008-09
65
35
9
2009-10
60
40
10
2010-11
65
35
11
2011-12
65
35
12
12th Five Year Plan
2012-13
65
35
13
2013-14
65
35
14
2014-15
65
35
15
2015-16
60
40
16
2016-17
60
40

 

Year-wise Budget Outlay, Releases and Expenditure Details
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (Rs. in Lakh) 

S.No.

Year

Approved Outlay

GOI share

GOTN share

Amount Released

Opening Balance

Amount received from other sources

Total Amount Available

Expen
diture

% of Expenditure against Approved Outlay

% of Expenditure against Available funds

GOI

State

13th FC Award

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

1

2001-02

7771.413 6605.701 1165.712 3302.830 582.858 0.000 0.000 0.000 3885.688 0.000
0
0%

2

2002-03

18422.486 13816.865 4605.622 13526.900 4508.967 0.000 3270.729 180.382 21486.978 10183.899
55%
47%

3

2003-04

40183.770 30137.828 10045.943 10447.840 3482.613 0.000 11303.079 148.289 25381.821 23653.691
59%
93%

4

2004-05

44904.577 33678.433 11226.144 27161.390 10529.259 0.000 2263.090 213.184 40166.923 36992.921
82%
92%

5

2005-06

49641.119 37230.839 12410.280 35329.530 10301.033 0.000 3346.591 515.424 49492.578 47724.228
96%
96%

6

2006-07

72267.185 54200.389 18066.796 36840.950 17532.240 0.000 1750.942 783.654 56907.786 56379.298
77%
99%

7

2007-08

82312.638 53503.215 28809.423 53125.088 23861.878 0.000 470.551 692.382 78149.899 61493.600
75%
79%

8

2008-09

90264.202 58671.731 31592.471 45414.476 24960.715 0.000 17916.297 394.034 88685.522 84410.101
94%
95%

9

2009-10

86230.900 51738.540 34492.360 48366.000 31551.014 0.000 4564.945 633.826 85115.785 78157.511
91%
92%

10

2010-11

147941.355 96161.881 51779.474 69068.570 36748.479 11100.000 7052.630 1150.538 125120.217 119370.939
81%
95%

11

2011-12

189142.464 122942.602 66199.862 68141.960 35953.760 12600.000 5843.027 1048.620 123587.367 116702.354
62%
94%

12

2012-13

198718.722 120002.169 64616.553 71637.132 34998.223 14100.000 5702.836 1095.846 127534.037 110318.057
56%
87%

13

2013-14

220992.291 133374.989 71817.302 105759.018 53931.552 15800.000 513.435 1639.976 177643.981 178333.040
81%
100%
14
2014-15 199007.043 118694.578 63912.465 135819.791 76199.621 0.000 8328.557 71.446 220419.415 216717.538
109%
98%
15
2015-16* 232915.020 139749.012 93166.008 82111.730 54741.153 0.000 4799.116 564.457 142216.456 141320.186
61%
99%
Total
1447800.165 930759.759 470740.407 723941.475 365142.212 53600.000 72326.709 8567.601 1223577.997 1140437.177
79%
93%

 *  Expenditure upto 31.03.2016 is Unaudited Report.

 

Activity wise Approved Budget and Expenditure for the year 2015-2016
                                                                                                            (Rs. in Lakhs)

 S.No   Activity   Budget   Expenditure   % of Exp. 
1
 Residential School for Specific Category of Children  93.255 75.241        80.68
2
 Transport/Escort Facility   329.910 318.330        96.49
3
 Special Training for mainstreaming of Out-of-School Children  2066.208 1743.082        84.36
4
 Free Text Books  3.422 3.418        99.88
5
 Teaching Learning Equipment (TLE)  46.600 46.600      100.00
6
 New Teachers Salary   166743.738 83823.866        50.27
7
 Training  2357.996 2175.116        92.24
8
 Academic Support through Block Resource Centre/ URC  13845.696 11682.057        84.37
9
 Academic Support through Cluster Resource Centres  19781.920 16781.039        84.83
10
 Computer Aided Education in UPS under Innovation  877.152 874.126        99.66
11
 School Grant  3048.320 3021.187        99.11
12
 Research, Evaluation, Monitoring & Supervision  30.003 32.940      109.79
13
 Maintenance Grant  2744.500 2735.342        99.67
14
 Interventions for CWSN   3705.884 3217.495        86.82
15
 Innovation Head  480.000 287.113        59.82
16
 SMC/PRI Training  668.394 620.220        92.79
17
 Civil Works Construction   6606.799 6241.503        94.47
18
 Management  6096.298 5125.642        84.08
19
 STATE COMPONENT  880.070 566.729        64.40
20
 KGBV  2508.850 1949.140        77.69
  Total
232915.015
141320.186
       60.67

 

 

   
 

 

 
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